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The Mahonys of Kerry
S. T. McCarthy
Kerry Archæological Magazine, 1917-1918, p. 171 - 190; 223-255.
We now proceed to give some account of the Mahony families of Kerry, or at least those of which we possess any information.
The common ancestor of them all was Dermod O’Mahony Mór, Lord of Ivagha (circa. 1,300), So says Sir Ross O’Connell, though strange to say he calls that chieftain "Lord of Kinalmeaky." Canon O'Mahony seems to have been of the same opinion. These are both high authorities. This is however a fact which the compilers of the pedigrees of the various Mahony families (except that of Kilmorna) published in Burke's "Landed Gentry" up to the present have overlooked or not been cognisant of. At all events they make no reference to it. As we have already mentioned, Dermod Mór had, previously to his death in 1327, arranged that Rosbrin Castle, and 18 plowlands along with it, should be given to his younger sons, Donal and Dermod Og. But the eldest son, Finghin, on his accession, refused to carry out this provision for his younger brothers. For this reason they decided to leave Ivagha. Donal went to Kilnaglory in East Muskerry, where, probably through the influence of MacCarthy Mor, then the overlord of that part of the country, he received a grant of all or some portion or that townland. Dermod, his younger brother, went to Desmond and received a hospitable welcome from MacCarthy Mor, who made to him a grant of land. From the interest which this chieftain took in the two brothers it seems not improbable that he was related to their father. Dermod was the founder of the sept called "Sliochd Dermod Og." His descendants gradually acquired more possessions, and in time came to wield a good deal of influence. This sept survived the downfall of the parent septs of lvagha and Kinalmeaky, and have had, for several centuries, a prosperous career and have lived in good repute. In the Penal days it contributed a large number of officers, some of high distinction, to the Irish Brigades in the French and Spanish services. Even at the present day it maintains a good position, though its numbers have considerably dwindled away, and during the past few years no less than three of the Kerry branches have become extinct in the male line.
The principal Kerry branches are those or Dunloe, Dromore, Castlequin, Cullina and Kilmorna, though the first, second and fourth are now represented only in the female line. Amongst branches wholly extinct we may mention those of Cappanagrown and Valencia.
Dermod Og must have left lvagha in 1327 or soon afterwards. It is known that he was alive in Desmond in 1355, but there is no record showing the date of his death. His only son Sean (or John) married the daughter of' Aodh O'Connell,5 and had a son Dermod, who was alive in 1442, and married Sabia, daughter of O'Sullivan Mór of Dunkerron. He had two sons, Conchobar (or Conor) and Donal. Conor appears, from a document of 1471, to have been then living, and to have married a daughter of Geoffrey O'Donoghue, grand-daughter of MacCarthy Mor.
His son was Tadg, or Teig, a notable member of the family, who was known as Teig Mergach.6 He was Seneschal of Desmond under the Earl of that name, and was one of the Irish chieftains who, in 1536, signed with Lord Deputy Grey a treaty of peace and submission, renewing their engagements to the English Government. Amongst others who signed that treaty was Donal-an-Dromin MacCarthy Mor, Prince of Desmond. O'Hart says that he then delivered in to the Lord Deputy's hands, as hostages for future fealty, "Teig and Dermod O'Mahony, his kinsmen." Could those have been Teig Mergach and his eldest son Dermod? It is not clear, however, how they were kinsmen of MacCarthy Mor, hut they may have been. Teig Mergach was the ancestor of most if not all of the Kerry Mahonys. He married Honora, daughter or Dermod O'Sullivan Beare, by Lady Eleanor Filzgerald, daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildlare, and left eight sons, namely: (1) Dermod, (2) Conor, (3) Donal, (4) Fineen, (5) Maolmuadh,(G) Eoghan, (7) Donogh, and (8) Seán.
Dermod, the eldest son died before 1588. Conor, the second son, died in 1578, according to an inquisition held in 1626, which declares that Cnogher MacTeig Mergeach was seized, as of Fee or the Plowland of Ballyaher,7 and that John was his son and heir, and was of full age.
Donal, the third son, was caned "Donal-na-Tiobraide," from property he held in the Tubrid,8 a district of Iveragh. By reason of the death of his two elder brothers he had become head of the Kerry Branch in or before, 1588. In that year he is referred to in a State Paper under the name of "Donal Mac Tybert" as the head of a popular sept called the "Mergies" (recte O'Mahony Mergeach,), the chief officer of the MacCarthy Mor's territory, and the foster-father of the "young ladye" (ElIen, daughter of the Earl of Clancar) who soon afterwards married Florence MacCarthy." Her marriage, though opposed by the English Government, was, according to Sir Warham St. Leger, favoured and abetted by certain parties, amongst. whom he mentions O'Sullivan Mor, Seneschal of Desmond, MacFinn (Lords of Lesser countries) and Donal na Tubride, head of the O’Mahony Mergeaches. A few weeks later, on the 1st July, 1588, when the dreaded marriage had taken place, Sir Thomas Norreys, the President of Munster, wrote to say that he had apprehended the Countess of Clancar, MacFirnnin and Teig Mergach―meaning no doubt his son DonaI, as Teig himself died in 1565―as being privy to the practice. In the book of Survey and Distribution we find that one of Donal's grandsons named Cnogher, with DonaI Oge Carthy of Dunguil, had, in Iveragh, 1596 acres between them, which they lost by confiscation. Several of Donal-naTubrid's grandsons were living in 1680. From one of them descended Count Bartholomew O'Mahony (of whom further on), and his uncle, Dr. O’Mahony, "Medecin du Roi" (temp Louis XV), and a great benefactor of his exiled countrymen. Their family had settled at Knockavola in Co. Kerry.
Finin, the 4th son of Teig Meirgeach, had four sons. Of these Dermod and Conor "went to Spain with all their families." John, who remained in Kerry, had a son known as James the "Provincial."
Maolmuadh, the 5th son, and Eoghan the 6th, went to Spain with all their families. Eoghan, however, appears to have been a man with a history. He was an intimate friend of FIorence MacCarthy, son-in-law of the Earl of Clancar, and it was to his house in Kerry that Florence sent his eldest son, when Sir George Carew was looking out for the boy to retain him as a hostage. From the "Pacata Hibernia" it appears that Florence was about to yield to Carew's importunity to produce him, and wrote to Eoghan to bring him to Cork, but subsequently countermanded this order, on getting an encouraging message from O'Neill, and directed Eoghan to convey the boy back to Desmond. Eoghan joined O’Neill, and in consequence was reported to the Government as a "notorious rebel" by one Teig Hurley, in a lengthy affidavit which he made on the subject of Florence MacCarthy's "Treasons and Intentions" on the 27th Match, 1617. He states that Eoghan, despairing of pardon, had fled into Spain with O'Sullivan Beare "where being entertained into the King's service he was made his prisoner."9 He then goes on to say that Eoghan (probably after his return from Spain) came into London, and two or three times visited Florence in the Marshalsea, and at the end of a "sennight or thereabouts," leaving a son of his with Florence, he, managed to obtain a pass from the Custom House and "went to the Low Countries." Teig Hurley adds that the son whom he left with Florence McCarthy died "a quarter of a year" afterwards of the "plague." These facts go to show that Eoghan Mac Teig must have been a man of energy and enterprise.
Donogh, the 7th son of Teig Meirgeach, is stated to have had two sons:―Conor, who went to the Low Countries, and Kean, who became the ancestor of the Mahonys of Brosna-Kilmorna. An Exchequer Bill of 1708 speaks of Kean's grandson "Cornelius Mahony, gent," as settled in Brosna in 1699. This was the first of the O'Mahony families who settled outside MacCarthy Mor's portion of Kerry. Pierce Mahony of Woodlawn and Kilmorna (b. 1792, d. 1853) M.P. for Limerick and Kinsale, purchased Kilmorna and Gunsboro from Robert Gun-Cuninghame, D.L., about 1840. when his eldest son married the daughter of the vendor. When their son, George Philip Gun Mahony, D.L., died in 1912, he left Kilmorna, &c., to his half-sister, Mrs. de Janasz, who is the present owner of the property.
Seán (John) the 8th son of Teig, was the ancestor of the families of (1) Dunloe, (2) Dromore and (3) Dromadisert. As regarding these families we have, more information than of the rest, we propose to deal wit.h them in the first instance.
THE DUNLOE BRANCH
Seán, the 8th son of Teig Meirgeach, who is said to have married a daughter of Lord Muskerry (which Lord Muskerry we are not informed), had two sons :―Donchadh (Donogh or Denis) and Sean Og. The elder is said to have married a daughter of the Lord of Coshmang, and had a son John, who became known as "John of Dunloe," He married firstly Honora, dau. of Maurice O'Connell of Cahirbarnagh, by whom he had two sons: Daniel, the founder of the family of Dunloe, and Denis the founder of that of Dromore. He married secondly Gillen, daughter of O'Sullivan Mór, whose marriage portion, the townland of Dunloe, then passed to him. For his second son, Denis, the Dromore estate was acquired in 1686, and the latter became the founder of the Dromome line. By his second wife John Mahony had three sons, John, James and Philip.
The CastIe of Dunloe was built by the Fitzgeralds in 1215, and afterwards came into possession of the O'SuIlivans. It was until the Desmond Rebellion, one of the chief fortresses of the latter, but was then razed by Ormonde, who left standing only the north, west, and south walls of a flanking tower. O'Sullivan then removed to Dunkerron, where in 1595 he built the Castle, of which the ruins now remain. Some 70 years afterwards Dunloe passed to John Mahony, on his marriage to his second wife Gillian, dau. of a subsequent O'Sullivan. It is even said that Mahony had leased it from O'Sullivan before the marriage. Anyhow he rendered the castle habitable by building an east wall in place of that levelled by Ormonde, and thus the Castle stands to this day, the 17th Century wall being easily distinguishable from those built four centuries earlier, which are of immense thickness.
John Mahony died in 1706. His eldest son, Daniel, inherited the estate and castle of Dunloe. He appears to have been a very remarkable personage, with exceptional force of character. He greatly extended his possessions by following a course, initiated by his father, of obtaining middle interests from the new landed proprietors, who had got large grants of confiscated estates, and who, being mostly English and absentees, were ready to lease their lands on easy terms. He took the lands as Trustee for a number of his neighbours, to each of whom he made a sub-lease, and in this way got an interest in an enormous tract of country, for which he paid head rents amounting in the aggregate to about £1,500 a year, equivalent to about three times that amount at the present day.
Daniel Mahony, by reason of the fact that he had constantly to be travelling about the country for the collection of his rents, applied to the Lords Justices and Council of Ireland for permission to carry arms for his protection, as he ran the risk of being robbed by Tories and Rapparees, who continually soured the country, and knew that he frequently carried about with him large sums of money. Having obtained permission, he, under shelter of this personal concession, armed his numerous retainers. He used every stratagem to defeat the provisions of an Act, passed in 1665, imposing on "Innocent Papists" restored to their estates, quit rent, from which they had been previously exempted. Donogh McSweeny, an ancient proprietor, having been dispossessed by one Maurice Kennedy, a quit rent collector, a whisper or this went forth to Daniel Mahony, who thereupon brought all his power to bear upon Kennedy. The result was that the latter got a petition drawn up to the Privy Council in Dublin purporting to come "from all unknown friend." This remarkable document was of great length, and contained a series of allegations against Daniel Mahony, which we may summarise as follows:―
That Daniel Mahony, being tenant to various landlords over a large tract of country in the Baronies of Dunkerron, Iveragh, and Maganihy, mostly inhabited by Papists, had for seven or eight years "contrived a way to make himself great and dreadful in this country, wheresoever he or those under him had any disgust or animosity."
That his tenants, numbering about 4,000, all Papists, assemble in great number at night, "smocked, with their faces blackened" so as to escape recognition, an give an onsett in the nature of Fairesses"10 going where directed by Mahony; being known as his" Fairesses," and ready on all occasions, day or night, to "answer his expectations."
That, in consequence of this, none dare execute any judicial orders against them, or O’Mahony himself, and hearthmoney collectors and other civil officers are in danger of their lives.
That he, Mahony, conceals between himself and his adherents £100 per annum of land.
That he lives in his Castle of Dunloe weIl-fortified and the strongest hold in the county except Rosse Castle."
This extraordinary document winds up by a suggestion that a foot company be ordered to garrison the said Castle in order to "civilise the said Mahony and his mobb of Fairesses."
No notice being taken of this petition, Maurice Kennedy had to dare all hazards, and lay one signed by himself openly before the Privy Council, backed by sworn information given before a magistrate. There is nothing to show, however, that, this appeal had any more effect than the former anonymous one.
The immense power which Mahony wielded, at a time when the Penal Laws were in full operation, seems to have made a deep impresssion on Froude, the historian, who speaks of him as the "great and Terrible Papist who ruled South Kerry with his 4,000 followers." As he observes, the Viceroy might be supreme in Dublin Castle, but Daniel Mahony was sovereign in Kerry. It is hardly necessary to say that a Dublin Lord Lieutenant in 1717 was no match for Daniel and his Four Thousand. And in all probability the Government desired to hear as little as they might about administrative weakness.
Daniel died in 1747. He left, with other issue, a daughter, to whom, as the only person in the barony worthy to wear them, he bequeathed his velvet breeches! This lady, it may he mentioned, was the wife or Donal O'Donoghue, and mother of Mary O'Donoghue (known as Maur-ni-Dhuv), who married Daniel O'Connell, grandfather of his famous namesake the "Liberator!"
We now give the genealogy of the Dunloe family up to the present date:―
DANIEL MAHONY, born in 1676 (according to Burke, but this is doubtful) died in 1747. He md., 1st, Elizabeth, dau. of Garrett Gould, of Knockraha, Co. Cork, and 2ndly, Maria, dau. of Denis MacCarthy, of Spring House, Co. Tipperary. He had the following issue:―
I. John, of whom presently.
II. James (of the Point) who md. Jane Hennessy, of Ballymacmoy, and had two sons and three daughters―
1. John, md. Zenobia Saunders, and had two sons and six daughters―
b. John, d.s.p:
a. Lucy, md. ― Quill, and had a son Arthur, and a daughter Anna, who md. Patrick Maxwell and had a son, John.
b. Zonobia, who md. Timothy O'Sullivan of Coom.
c. Jane, md. Captain Townsend.
d. Mary, a nun.
e. Frances, md. her cousin, Daniel, of Dunloe.
f. Catherine, a nun.
2. James, Lieut. 77th Regiment, d. unmd. Served in the American War (as did also his brother-in-law, Lieut. John Comerford). Was afterwards in the Kerry Militia and taken prisoner at Castlebar by General Humbert, who gave him a permit.
1. Mary, d. unmd.
2. Honoria, d. unmd.
3. Anna, md. John Comerford and had the following issue:―
a. George, 57th Regt., d. unmd.
b. James, md. Marcella, dau. of Joseph Maxwell, and had a dau.―
(1) Anna, who md. 1858, James Sullivan Green, Q.C., and had―
(a.) Thomas Sullivan Green, J.P.
(b.) James Sullivan Green, Lieut.-Col.
(c.) George Comerford Green, Co. Court Judge.
(d.) Maxwell Sullivan Green, Chairman Irish Prisons Board.
(a.) Mary Marcella
(b.) Anne, d. unmd. 1909.
4. Catherin md. Francis Bland, of Derrquin, and had:―
a. James Bland.
a. Fanny, md. Rev. Robert Hewson, and had:―
(1) Robert; d.s.p., and Catherine d. unmd.
III. Dermod was an Officer in Dillon's Regiment. He had a son, John Francis, who became a Colonel in the French Service. This John Francis Mahony md. a Miss Power, and they had a son named Ernest Count Mahony.
Daniel Mahony, of Dunloe, died in 1747, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
JOHN MAHONY, Esq., of Dunloe Castle, who md. in 1757, Honora, dau. of William Haly, of Bally Haly, Co. Curk, by Maria, dau. of John O'Grady, of Kilballyowen, and by her (who d. 1817), had issue:―
I. Daniel, his heir.
III. Denis, Lt.-Col. 1st Foot, served in India 1792; d.s.p. 1813.
I. Maria, md. Thomas Gallwey of Killarney, and had:―
1. John, who md. and had a dau., Lucy, who md.―McNemara.
2. Christopher, who md. and had―
a. Thomas, a Land Agent.
b. (Rev.) Peter, S.J., a well-known preacher.
a. Catherine, who md. James Scully of Shanballymore.
II. Elizabeth, who md. Daniel Sullivan of Ringdonagan.
Mr. Mahony d. June, 1780, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
DANIEL MAHONY, Brigade-Major, who md. January, 1787, Elizabeth, dau. of Patrick Creagh, Esq., by Margaret Trant, aunt of Sir Nicolas Trant, K.C.B., and by her (who d. 11th Nov., 1840) had Issue:―
I. Daniel, his heir. II. John. Ill. Patrick. IV. William. V. Denis. VI. Darby.
I. Mary. II. Margaret, md. John Shea Lawlor.
Mr. Mahony d. 29th Oct., 1832, and was succeeded by his eldest
DANIEL MAHONY, J.P., High Sheriff 1841, who md. 14th April, 1836, his cousin Frances, dau. of John Mahony of the Point, Esq., and had issue:―
I. John Moore, his heir, b. 24th January, 1841.
II. Daniel, b. 8th April, 1845.
II. Elizabeth, d. 13th Dec., 1862.
III. Frances, md. 1stly, 16th Nov., 1871, Capt. William Addis Fagan, who d. 14th March, 1890, leaving issue:―
1. William Charles. 1. Maureen Elizabeth.
She md. 2ndly, 2nd June, 1881, Major-General Cecil Mangles.
IV. Margaret, d. 4th March, 1863. V. Marcella.
Mr. Mahony d. 1871, and was succeeded by his elder son,
JOHN MOORE MAHONY, J.P., High Sheriff 1875, md. . . ., d.s.p. 19th Oct., 1908.
THE DROMORE BRANCH
DENIS, 2nd son of John Mahony of Dunloe (by his 1st wife, Honora, dau. of Maurice O’Connell of Caherbarnagh) md. Alice dau. of Maurice O'Connell of Dunmaniheen, and had issue:―
I. John, of whom presently.
II. James, md. Catherine Conway, and had―
1. James, who md. Miss Tant, and had
a. Mary, who md. Maurice O'Connell, brother-in-law of "the Liberator," and had―
b. Clara, md. Francis Newton, and had―
(1.) Francis, d.s.p.
(1.) Clara, md. Dr. L. Griffin.
c. Eliza, md. ___ Mahony.
2. Andrew, md. Mary Delany, and had issue:―
a. Elizabeth, who md. Patrick Moriarty, and had―
(1.) Thomas Moriarty, who md. Miss Fitzpatrick, whose dau. md. Sir Thomas Dennehy.
(1.) Maria, who md. John Dennehy, father of Sir Thomas Dennehy.
3. Kean, grandfather of Sarah Mahony (who md. Sir Arthur Blennerhasset), aan of her brother who md. Eliza, .dau. of James Mahony.
III. Daniel, who md. and had a dau., who md. ____ Doran, of Blackwater Bridge, and another dau. who d. unmd.
I. Julia, who md. Count James Conway.
II. Clara, md. 1stly James Segerson and had a dau. Eleanor Segerson, who md. Matthew Moriarty. She md. 2ndly, Geoffrey O'Connell of Ballinablown.
III. Arabella, md. ____ O'Connor.
IV. Alice, md. Peter McSwiney.
V. Catherine, md. Justin MacCarthy of Ardcanaghty.
VI. Daughter md. John Bernard.
Denis Mahony was succeeded by his eldest son,
JOHN MAHONY, who md. Catherine Pierse, and had:―
I. Denis of whom presently.
I. Honora who md. Hugh Falvey.
John Mahony, who d. 1743, was succeeded by his eldest son,
DENIS, who md. Miss Cashel, and had:―
I. John, of whom presently.
II. Richard, who md. Charlotte, dau. of the 1st Lord Ventry.
I. Catherine, who md. 1stly Darby Magill, and 2ndly (Francis) The MacGillicudy.
II. Sarah, who md. Christopher WiIloe.
Denis Mahony was succeeded by his eldest son,
JOHN MAHONY, Colonel of the Dromore Volunteers, and one of the Delegates to the Great National Convention at Dungannon in February, 1782. He md. 1stly in 1794, Miss Higginbotham of Bath, who d. without issue, and 2ndly in 1786, Miss Day, dau. of Archdeacon Day, of Beaufort House, Co. Kerry, by whom he had issue:―
I. Denis, of whom presently.
He md. 3rdly Margaret, dau. of Sir William Godfrey, 1st Baronet of Kilcolman Abbey, Milltown, by whom he had:―
I. Agnes, who md. Robert Conway Hickson, of Fermoyle.
Mr. Mahony d. in 1817, and was succeeded by his elder son,
REV. DENIS MAHONY, who md. 1stly, in 1827, Lucinda Catherine, dau. and only child of John Sogerson, of West Cove, and by her who d. in 1828, had a son:―
I. Richard John, of whom presently.
He md. 2ndly, in 1829, Jane, dau. of Sir John Blake (7th Baronet), of Menlo Castle, Co. Galway, and by her, who d. in 1824, had issue:―
II. Denis, d. July 1831.
III. Edward, d. unmd. 1883.
V. John, d. unmd. 1880.
I. Rose, md. 1stly, 1852, John Penneyfather, son of Baron Penneyfather; 2ndly, 23rd Sept., 1858, Admiral the Hon. Henry Carr Glynn, R.N., C.B., C.S.I., and d. 21st July, 1870, leaving by him, who d. 16th Feb., 1884, two sons and two daughters.
II. Margaret, md. 18th Oct., 1866, Honble. Reynolds Moreton, Capt. R.N. retired, son of Henry, 2nd Earl of Ducie, and has issue one son and two daus.
He md. 3rdly, 1843, Katherine, dau. of Matthew Franks, of Merrion Square, Dublin, by whom he had one dau.―
Ill. Mary Ellen, d. February, 1875.
Rev. Denis Mahony d. 21st April, 1851, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
RICHARD JOHN MAHONY, J.P., D.L., High Sheriff 1853, who md. Oct., 1856, Mary Harriette, eldest dau. of John Waller, of Shannon Grove, Co. Limerick, Barrister-at-Law, and died 1892, leaving issue:―
I. Harold Segerson Mahony, J.P., b. 13th Feb., 1867, d. unmd. 1st July, 1905, his death being caused by a bicycle accident.
I. Norah Eveleen, md. 22nd Oct., 1900, Edward Hood, son of the Hon. Albert Hood, 2nd son of the 3rd Viscount Hood.
THE DROMADISERT BRANCH
Sean, the 8th son of Teig Mergach, had, as we have above stated, besides his elder son, Donogh (ancestor of the Dunloe and Dromore Mahonys) a second son, Seán Og, who (as appears from a document in the Public Record Office) owned the lands of Dromadisert, Duneen, Knockanlibeare, and Tuarnanonagh. He died in 1642. He had two sons, Teig and Dermod. The eldest son, Teig, married in 1660. In 1663 the Duke of Ormond, failing to establish his claim to the immediate ownership of several estates in Kerry, including the lands in the possession of Teig Mahony, executed a deed, waiving, in favour of the latter and two others, namely, Colonel MacFynine and Lieut.-Colonel McGillicuddy, the possession of lands in the Baronies of Dunkerron and Glanerought, and claiming only the chiefries due to him out of them. Teig, being cut off from the chance of fee simple ownership, set himself to acquire as many middle interests as possible. It is not quite clear when he died, but he is said to have been alive in 1700. His son, John, who in 1686 had married Ellen, daughter Dr. Stephen Rice, of Castlemore, Co. Kerry, in 1700, lodged his claims, with the title deeds, with the Trustees of Forfeited Estates. He succeeded in retaining most of his lands in Kerry, but had to give up Kilmeedy Castle, Co. Cork, and its adjoining lands which his father had acquired some fifty years previously. After his death, in the early part of the 18th century, he was the subject of a beautiful elegy composed by the poet O'Rahilly, who dilated on his illustrious descent and his wealth and generosity. His son, also called "John of Dromadisert," made his will in 1727, appointing, as one of the executors, his cousin Daniel of Dunloe. We are unable to trace this family down any farther.
We shall go back now to Dermod, the brother of Teig, and younger son of Seán Og. This Dermod had five sons, the eldest of whom was Conor (or Cornelius). In 1689, when Tyrconnel issued a general call to arms, a company was raised in the barony of Maganihy composed of members of the Mahony gens. It was joined by Cornelius, who obtained the rank of Lieutenant, and two of his brothers. This company formed part of General Justin MacCarthy's army, which besieged and took Bandon in 1689. Cornelius' two brothers were killed during the campaign. He himself, during the attack on Bandon, saved the life of a Williamite gentleman named Hungerford, who, at the conclusion of the war, out of gratitude, made him a grant of some land near the round tower of Kinneigh. (It is needless to say that Cornelius' own lands in Kerry were confiscated. He died in 1728, and was buried in Kinneigh graveyard. His grandson and namesake died in 1797, aged 74 years. The great grandson of the latter was John Canon O’Mahony, P.P., of Kilmurry, Co. Cork, the author of the "History of the O'Mahony Sept."
CASTLEQUIN AND CULLINA BRANCHES
Though Dermod Mor O'Mahony, Lord of Ivagha (circa 1300), whose third son, Dermod Og, settled in Kerry about 1335, is now generally considered to be the ancestor of all the Kerry Mahonys, an exception has been claimed for the Castlequin and Cullina branches in a genealogical account compiled in recent years. The compiler, who was considered an authority on these matters, while admitting the descent of other branches of the family, as above-named, from Dermod, the third son, asserts that the Castlequins and Cullinas are sprung from Finghin, the eldest son. In a copy of this pedigree, which the present writer saw some years ago, it is stated as follows:―
"Florence, son of O’Mahony of Rosbrin (Kean son of Conor O’Mahony Fionn) third ill descent from Florence, brother of Darby; whose (Florence's?) father forfeiting in Elizabeth’s reign, joined his relatives, the descendents of Darby, in Kerry, and was father of Myles of Tinchalla and CuIlina (date 1694, documents executed by Myles), who was fafher of Kean, ancestor of the Castlequin branch, and of Florence ancestor of the Cullina."
On the other hand, in the edition of Burke's "Landed Gentry" for 1875, under the head of "Mahony of Castlequin," the lineage of that family runs as follows:―"The Mahonys of Castlequin are descended from Kean, the son of Kean O'Mahony of Kinalmeaky, Chief of Carbery, who forfeited his possessions in the reign of Elizabeth, on suspicion of being implicated in O'Neill's rebellion. He removed into Kerry with his seven sons, from one of whom, Denis, are descended the families of Dromore and Dunloe. The families of Upper and Lower Cullina spring from Florence, the second son of Kean, the great-great-grandfather of the late Kean Mahony, of Cullina, who died 11th September, 1862."
It will be seen that this lineage is quite inconsistent with the later theory first mentioned, according to which the branches of Dromore, Dunloe and Castlequin, instead of having a common ancestor living in Queen Elizabeth's time, would have to go back some two and a-half centuries to find one in the person of Dermod Mór O’Mahony, who died in 1327! Now it is certain that in the 16th century Teig Mergach Mahony was seated in Kerry, and that he had eight sons, one of whom was the ancestor of the Dromore and Dunloe branches. Could it be that the compiler of the lineage of 1875 had in his mind these eight brothers, and somehow was erroneously led to think that their father had only recently come to Kerry, instead of being the descendant of one who had settled there in the 14th century?
Myles Mahony of Dromin, the earliest of the Castlequin family of whom we have any authentic information, in his will, made in 1726, after disposing of the various portions of his estate, appoints his "cousin Daniel Mahony of Dunloe" as one or the persons who should settle any disputes arising between his (testator's) wife and children. Had their common ancestor been Teig Mergach, one might understand the use of the word "cousin"; but it would be rather surprising in the case of persons whose common ancestor lived some 400 years previously!
There is also a notice of the Castlequin family in Burkes "Landed Gentry" for the year 1844. It is merely a general statement that the head branch of the Mahonys resided formerly in West Carbery, and owned many castles there, and that in more ancient times they possessed some portion of the modern barony of Muskerry.
Miss Cusack, in her "History of Kerry," says they are sprung from Kean O'Mahony of Kinalmeaky, who forfeited his lands in Elizabeth's time for taking part in the Desmond rebellion and removed to Kerry. O’Hart's account is similar, except that he calls the dispossessed chieftain Conor instead of Kean O'Mahony.
Most of these accounts go to show that the branches in question have sprung from the Kinalmeaky sept, whilst according to the more recent theory, they descend from the Rosbrin sub-branch of the Ivagha sept. Further, we may state that no persons bearing the Christian names mentioned in these various accounts can be traced amongst the dispossessed chieftains or their immediate offspring, as given by Canon O'Mahony.
It has been suggested to the present writer by a gentleman well informed in these matters that the Castlequins and Cullinas may be descended from Teig Mergach's fourth son, Fineen. This Fineen (or Florence) had a Maolmuadh (or Myles), who had three grandsons, Shane, Fineen, and Maolmuadh.11 The suggestion is that the third of these may have been the Myles Mahony of Dromin (sometimes called Tinnehalla) already mentioned, and is apparently based solely or principally on the fact that the two names "Myles" and "Florence" which so frequently recur in those two families are also found amongst the descendants of Teig Mergach’s fourth son. This, however, is not very much to go on.
It is possible that the claim now set up of the descent of the Castlequins and Cullinas from Fineen, the eldest son of Dermod Mor, may have been the result of research, and that the compiler had some documentary or other evidence to go on, of which we are not in possession; but in the absence of such evidence we may at least say there is a good deal of uncertainty on the point.
But whatever doubts may exist as to their earlier genealogy, we think there can he none from the time of Myles Mahony of Dromin downwards. We now proceed to give the pedigree of him and his descendants.
MAHONY OF CASTLEQUIN
MYLES MAHONY, of Dromin (will dated 9th January; 1726), had at least four sons:―
I. Kean, ancestor of the Castlequin family, of whom presently.
II. Florence, ancestor of the Cullinagh family (vide pedigree which follows).
IV. James, who predeceased his father, and had a son named Myles.
KEAN, eldest son of Myles, md. Miss O'Sullivan Beare, and had a son Myles, who md. Alice, dau. of John O'Connell of Darrynane, and had:―
I. Kean, of whom presently.
I. Dau., who md. Andrew McCarthy.
II. Dau., who md. O'Moriarity of Castledrum, and had a son, Patrick Moriarty, M.D., Killarney. The latter md. 2ndly, in 1820, Elizabeth M. Mahony, and had a dau. who md. John Dennehy.
KEAN, son of Myles Mahony, md. Johanna, dau. of Donogh McCarthy Garaloch, and had:―
I. Myles, of whom presently.
II. Daniel, Lieut.-Col. 58th Foot, d. 1815.
III. Denis, of the French Irish Brigade.
IV. Darby, an Officer of the Army, died in Jamaica.
V., VI., and Vll., John, Florence and Maurice, drowned young by the upsetting of a boat near Cahirciveen.
I. Mary, md. her cousin, Kean Mahony of Upper Cullina.
II. Elizabeth, md. her cousin Myles of Lower Cullina.
III. Gobinet, md. her cousin Daniel of Lower Cullina.
MYLES, eldest son of Kean Mahony, md. in 1788. Mary, dau. of Charles Geoffrey O'Connell, of Portmagee, and had a son, Kean Mahony, B. L., who md. Mary Anne, dau. of Daniel Duggan Cronin of the Park, Killarney, and had―
I. Myles, who d. unmd.
I. Mary Anne, who md. her cousin, Thomas McDonohh, J.P., Killarney, and had beside other sons and daus. who d. young, a son, Thomas McDonogh Mahony, the present owner of Castlequin, who md. Miss Sheehan of Cahirciveen.
MAHONY OF CULLINA
FLORENCE, 2nd son of Myles Mahony of Dromin, md. his cousin, Miss Mahony of Dingle. He made his will in 1751, and left two sons:―
1. Myles, and II. Kean.
The elder son, MYLES, md. Miss Falvey, and had―
I. John, d.s.p.
II. Kean, of whom presently.
I. Ellen, md. L. Cronin, and was mother of Daniel and Darby Cronin of Clounts.
II. Johanna, md. B. Egan, and was mother of the Most Rev. Dr. Cornelius Egan, Bishop of Kerry.
III. Honoria. IV. Catherine, d. unmd.
The second son, KEAN, md. his cousin Mary Mahony of Castlequin, and had―
I. Kean, who md. 1stly, Johanna, dau. of Lieut.-Col. William McCarthy, and 2ndly Anne Baldwin, dau. of Major Broderick. He d. in 1862 from a gun accident, leaving no issue by either marriage.
II. Myles, M.D., d. unmd.
I. Mary, md. Francis McDonogh, M.D., and had―
1. Thomas, who md. his cousin Mary Anne Mahony, of Castlequin, and had issue.
3. Francis, md. Myra O'Sullivan Beare.
II. Ellen, md. ,James McCarthy (Garaloch), and had―1. Daniel, d.s.p.
2. Alexander, d.s.p.
3. Kean, d.s.p.
4. James, d.s.p.
5. Myles, d.s.p.1. Mary, d. unmd.
2. Ellen, d. unmd.
3. Elizabeth, a nun.
4. Johanna, md. Maurice Brennan, Esq.
5. Honoria, d. unmd.
III. Elizabeth (a nun).
IV. Johanna md. Maurice Brennan.
V. Honoria, d. unmd.
KEAN, second son of Florence Mahony, md. Miss O'Sullivan, of Coolagh, Berehaven, and had―
I. Florence, d.s.p.
II. Myles, md. his cousin Elizabeth, of Castlequin, d.s.p.
III. Daniel, of whom presently.
I. Elizabeth, md. ___ Leyne.
DANIEL, 3rd son of Kean, md. his cousin, Gobinet, of Castlequin, and had―
I. John, d. young.
II. Myles, d. unmd.
III. John, of whom presently.
IV. Florence, d.s.p.
JOHN, 3rd son of Daniel, md. Frances, dau. of Charles Sughrue of Fermoyle, and had―
I. Kean, d. unmd.
II. Myles, d. unmd.
Ill. John, who emigrated, but was never heard of.
I. Maria, d. unmd.
II. Florence, d. unmd.
MAHONY OF KILMORNA
DONOGH O'MAHONY, seventh son of Teig Meirgeach O'Mahony, was father of:―I. Conor, who went to the "Low Countries," and II., of Kean (Cian).
KEAN was father of David and John. The older son, David, had a son Cornelius, who was father of David, of Derra Brosna. David's son, Cornelius (4th in descent from Kean), md. twice. By his first wife he was the ancestor or of the Mahonys of Batterfield, to whom we shall refer later on. By his second wife, Mary, dau. of Gerald Fitzgerald, Knight of Glynn, he had, besides a dau. Ellen, who md. Daniel Duggan, of Knocknaseed, a son,
DAVID MAHONY, of the Castle, Newcastle, Co. Limerick, who md. Catherine, dau. of Pierce de Lacy, a General in the service of King James II, by Annabella, dau. of Robert Goold, of Knocksaun, Co. Cork, and had issue :―I. Cornelius, d.s.p. II. Pierce.
The second son, PEIRCE MAHONY, of the Castle, Newcastle, and of Woodlawn, Co. Kerry, J.P. Cos. Kerry and Limerick, b. 1750, md. Catherine, dau. of Bryan Sheehy, of Gardenland, Co. Limerick, by whom he had issue:―
I. Bryan, an Officer in the Irish Brigade, afterwards incorporated in the British Service, in which he was killed in action at the storming of Guadaloupe.
II. Cornelius, Capt. in the 45th Regt., md. Mary, dau. of Francis Arthur, and d.s.p.
III. Philip, d. unmd. in Paris.
I. Mary, md. Philip Hunt of Loughborough, Co. Leicestor, a Captain in the Army, and had issue a son, also an Officer in the Army, killed in the Kaffir War.
Mr. Peirce Mahony md. 2ndly, 21st Feb., 1792, Anna Maria, dau. of John Maunsell, of Ballybrood House, Co. Limerick, and by this marriage had issue:―
I. Peirce of Woodlawn and Kilmorna.
II. David, of Grange Con., Co. Wicklow, b. 22nd Feb., 1795, md. 1824, Margaret, dau. of William Perry, d.s.p. 1845.
Peirce Mahony d. 1819, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
PEIRCE MAHONY, of Woodlawn, and Kilmorna, J.P., D.L., at one time M.P. for Kinsale, b. 1792, md. 1815, Jane, only dau. of Edmund Kenifeck, of Seafort, Co. Cork, by Jane Creagh, of the family of Laurentinium, Co. Cork. Their issue was:―
I. Peirce K. Mahony, of whom presently.
II. David of Grange Con, Co. Wicklow, J.P., D.L., d. unmd. 1900.
I. Anna Maria, b. and d. Oct. 1815.
II. Maria, md. 1844, Lt.-Col. Francis W, Johnstone. He d. 9th Aug.,1888, She d. 24th May, 1901, leaving issue:―
1. Montague Cholmely, b. 28th Sept., 1844.
2. Peirce de Lacy Henry, late of the Indian Civil Service, b. 1848, md. 1888, Jessie, dau. of James Sime.
1. Barbara, twin with Montague, d. young.
2. Alice Jane, md. 1901 cousin Peirce Charles de Lacy Mahony (see below).
3. Edith Maria, md. 1888, Leonard Barnard, and has issue.
Peirce Mahony d. Feb. 1853. He was succeeded by his eldest son,
PEIRCE K. MAHONY, of Kilmorna and Gunsboro, High Sheriff, 1844, b. 1814, md. 1839, Jane, dau. of Robert Gun Cunningham, D.L., of Mount Kennedy, Co. Wicklow, and had issue:―
I. Peirce Robert George Gun, b. 1810, d. 1844.
II. George Philip Gun, b. 1842, succeeded his grandfather, 1853, wasHigh Sheriff 1876, d. unmd. 14th Sept., 1912.
III. Peirce Charles de Lacy of Grange Con., Co. Wicklow, J.P., D.L., b. 1850, succeeded his uncle, David Mahony, 1900, and assumed the title of "The O'Mahony," M.P. for North Meath from 1886 to 1892, md. 1st, in 1887, Helen Louise, dau. of Maurice Collis, M.R.I.A., by whom he had issue:―
1. Pierce Gun of Kilmurry, Co. Kerry, B.L., b. 1878, Cork Herald of Arms, 1905-10, md. 1903, Ethel Tindall, younger dau. of J. J. Wright, M.D.; d. from a gun accident, 26th July, 1914.
2. Dermot Gun, b. 2nd April, 1881.
Mr. Peirce C. de Lacy Mahony md. 2ndly, 1910, his cousin, Alice Jane, dau. of Lt.-Col. Johnstone; she d. in 1906.
Mr. Peirce K. Mahony d. 21st July, 1850. His widow md. 2ndly, in 1856, Colonel William Henry Vicars, late 61st Regt. and d. in 1873, leaving by this, her second marriage, three sons and one dau.
5. This may have been the Aodh
O'Connell (first of the name) mentioned in the pedigree of the Derrynane family,
who would have lived about that period.
6. Properly "Meirgeach" meaning "rusty" or "musty" or "angry looking." He is sometimes called "Teig the Wanton," but this is an incorrect rendering of the Irish word.
7. Probably Ballyhar, in the parish of Kilcredane, Barony of Maguinhy. See collection of genealogies R. I. Academy, classed 23E, 86.
8. We do not know exactly what constituted the "Tubrid" district, unless it was that in or near Aghatubrid. This place, which is some five miles south of Cahirciveen, adjoins, though it is not part of, the parish of Dromod, where the Mahonys had a considerable amount of property, namely, at Cappanagrown, Ballinakilla, Doory, Kilemlough, &c. They also had land at Killurly and other places in the vicinity of Knockatubber.
9. Probably intended to be written "pensioner."
10. Some think this is an erroneous rendering of the Irish word "fearraidhe" (plural of "fear" which means man). It may be, however, a misspelling of the word "fairies," which they may have been called by reason of the garb in which they disguised themselves.